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Stromboli, Italy

Stromboli, Italy. Credit: Richard Arculus

Local name: Stromboli
Largest recorded eruption:
Last eruption: August 2013 (continuing)

Stromboli is the northernmost island of the Aeolian archipelago. The currently active edifice is built upon a caldera constructed through six main growth stages during the last 85,000 years; erupted lavas range from calc-alkaline to potassic in composition. Historic activity, with eruptions recorded since ~ 1800 BP, is characterised by persistent (and eponymous) Strombolian explosions with occasional paroxysmal events and lava flows. Research associated with the CRITMAG grant has involved conducting high pressure experiments on Strombolian basalts in order to understand degassing process at this world reference volcano.

Smithsonian webpage